The Indian council of medical Research realized new guidelines to make India better for TYPE-I diabetes. Because now India is the second largest home of Type-I diabetes children . According to ICMR (Indian council of medical Research): ” Every sixth of the world’s diabetic patients are from India.” Scientists are predicting an increased number of patients till 2040.
What is Juvenile diabetes?
Type- I diabetes, well known as “Juvenile diabetes” or “insulin dependent diabetes” is a chronic condition where the pancreas stops making or making low amounts of insulin. This disease occurs due to viruses (viruses of diabetes Type-I which enter through injections ) or some genetic disorders. This disease appears in childhood (0-7 years) or adolescence (7-14 years).
Percentage of Type -I diabetes patients :
There is an estimated report which says that 2.5 lakhs people are suffering from Type-I diabetes in India. And the highly affected states are Tamil Nadu and Kerala in India. According to further studies, Type-I diabetes increases in India by 3 – 4%/year.
Symptoms of Type-I diabetes :
In this disease there are many symptoms appear in the patient’s body :
In this disease patients feel more tiredness or weakness.
the child started bedwetting without even knowing.
Patients have heavy mood swings.
Feeling a heavier appetite or thirst than usual.
Heavy blurry vision.
How is diagnosed Type-I diabetes in children?
For the diagnosis of Type -I diabetes, the doctor will always ask about the symptoms and the healthcare history of the patient. Physicians also asked about the family health history of the patient. Doctors highly recommend a blood test for diagnosis of Type-I diabetes and a physical examination also. There are two types of tests the physician should take during the diagnosis of Type-I diabetes.
Fasting plasma glucose: the blood is tested after 7-8 hours of fasting.
Random plasma glucose: this test happens when a child faces major symptoms of hunger, thirst, or urination.
Complications of Type-I diabetes :
Type-I diabetes has major complications which affect major organs of the human body and these complications can lead to disabilities or threaten your whole life.
- Heart and blood vessel disease
- Nerve damages
- Eyes damage or blindness
- Foot damage
- Damage Immunity power
- Skin or mouth damage.
- Create heavy complications in pregnancy in females.
According to diabetologists, there is no particular way of preventing Type-I diabetes; this is only controllable, not preventable. But scientists are continuously working on their prevention techniques.
Changing lifestyle is a milestone step to reducing the risk of TYPE-I diabetes and other major diseases. Physicians strictly advise those patients who are suffering from Type-I diabetes :
Be more physically active and have a balanced diet.
Eat healthy plant food like non-starchy vegetables or whole grains.
Lose extra weight (it’s reduced the risk of diabetes)
Avoid alcohol and junk food, drinks, and packaged food.
Eat healthy food like : lean meat and poultry, fish, eggs, beans, tofu, nuts, and seeds.
How can we help our child suffering from Type-I diabetes?
In some major cases, the treatment would be more stressful and depressing for the child as well as the family. Especially when the child is younger. He or she may not understand the changes or their body, such as glucose monitoring, and insulin injections.
These things make children more anxious and stressed.
The child may feel :
He or She gets punished.
Feels guilty or fearful.
Fear of death
Angry at parents or doctors.
Parents have to be more aware and make their child more comfortable and treat him or her as a normal kid and manage this disease as just one aspect of their daily life. These things are helpful for the patient and the parents also to get over this disease.
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I really appreciate your efforts in sharing this information. This helps people who don’t know about Juvenile diabetes. Really amazing. Thank you.