Member states of SCO summit 2022 incorporate India, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Iran is all set to be the ninth member of SCO.
The shanghai cooperation organization(SCO) summit 2022 is taking place in Uzbekistan’s cultural capital, Samarkand.
The summit will continue till 16th September starting from 15th September. This is the first in-person summit after the 2019 Bishkek summit in Kyrgyzstan
Participation in all member states- India, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan- is being witnessed. A key highlight of the 2022 summit is that Iran will be joining the SCO as the ninth member.
A total of 15 leaders have been invited to participate in the geopolitical event, which is held once every year.
What is SCO?
Founding member states of SCO are Russia, China, the Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in shanghai. Founded in the year 2001.
The organization’s main focus point is on regional security issues and development. Furthermore, India became an observer at the SCO in 2005. Finally gained membership in 2017, along with Pakistan.
What’s on the agenda of the SCO summit 2022?
There are various topics in the backseat for discussion but, the two major agendas that are more likely to claim the front seat are:
First, with the ongoing tussle between Russia and Ukraine. The situation in Ukraine after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine will reportedly be one of the main agendas of the summit. In addition, the changes in the geopolitical dimensions after the invasion is likely to be pondered upon.
Second, the concurrent state of Afghanistan after the Taliban took control is likely to come up.
Apart from this various bilateral meetings will take place between the leaders on the sidelines of the event.
The importance of the event holds for India
PM Modi landed in Samarkand on September 14 and will return on September 16. Prime minister Modi and Xi Jinping will be in the same room for two sessions. As per the reports, there are chances that the two leaders engage in a bilateral meeting on the sidelines of the summit.
The meeting will be held days after the Chinese troops withdrew from various standoff points in Ladakh including PP-15. Both the leaders haven’t met in person after India and China locked in a standoff in the Ladakh sector along the LAC since May 2020.
There is also a possibility that PM Modi meets Putin on the sidelines of the geopolitical event. They’ll discuss Russian-Indian cooperation within the UN and G20 during the summit.
There are no reports on whether PM Modi will meet the new prime minister of Pakistan Shehbaz Sharif.
According to sources, Uzbekistan’s national coordinator for SCO told that an MoU will be signed with Iran this time and the country will become a full member of the grouping in the next SCO summit due to be held in India.
PM Modi will meet Uzbekistan president Shavkat Mirxiyoyev.
The leaders are expected to review the developments and activities of the organization over the past two decades. They will also discuss the state and prospects of multilateral cooperation. Issues of regional and global importance will also be discussed.
Every member state has there own expectations and prospects for various new sectors, amidst this India has already put forth its interest in cooperation in startups and innovation, science and technology, and traditional medicine.
Uzbekistan is the current chair of SCO 2022. India will be the next chair of the SCO. The shanghai five, which was formed in 1996, became the shanghai cooperation organization (SCO) in 2001 with the inclusion of Uzbekistan.
India and Pakistan joined the grouping in 2017. SCO became one of the largest multilateral groupings, accounting for nearly 30 percent of the global GDP and 40 percent of the world’s population. Also see Putin Brings India And China To Russia For war Games Defying US