Nations Agreed to Protect one-third of the planet for nature by 2030 at the COP15 UN biodiversity summit,2022.
What Is COP15?
The COP15 stands for the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP) to UN conferences on biodiversity. Rather, it is a meeting of the “Convention on Biological Diversity” (CBD). It is an international approach to bring all the governments together to save nature in 2022. The COP15 starts on December 7, Wednesday and continues until December 19, Monday at Montréal, Quebec.
Primary Visions Of COP15 in Quebec 2022
The primary Visions of COP15 include
- Preserving, enhancing and revitalizing the ecosystem.
- Conserving Genetic Diversity with ceasing species extinction.
- Sustainable use of biodiversity for species and habitats.
- Ensuring indigenous people’s rights while benefitting from the resources from nature.
- Ensuring the right efforts and conservation of biodiversity.
COP15 was regarded as the last chance to restore nature before total destruction. Throughout the conference, the focus was on two subjects; The strength of the ambition and the Finance Plan to cover it.
Among all, the most difficult one is the procedure of funding conservation efforts around the globe to revive nature and harbour the world’s most phenomenal biodiversity.
The Final Agreement at The COP15 2022
The government appeared to sign the once-in-a-decade deal to safeguard the Earth’s biodiversity on Monday early morning. After more than four years of repeated delays and negotiations, around 200 countries came together to sign the bond, which China and Canada co-hosted. But, at the same time, it seemed that the agreement had been forced by the Chinese president dismissing the objections from some African States.
This extraordinary conference began on Sunday evening and continued for seven hours. Finally, at 3:30 am on Monday, the countries signed the final agreement, and the news of COP15’s historic deal spread worldwide.
The Negotiations During The COP15
The primary negotiators at COP 15 conference were the African countries. According to them, no new fund has been made for the current biodiversity and global environment facility measures. Also, there is no clear partition of the previously existing UN fund. In short, some African states demand more money for conservation as a part of the final agreement.
Though, moments later, Huang Runqiu, COP15’s president, signalled that the agreements were finished and agreed to the final applause. Negotiators from Uganda, Cameroon and the DRC expressed immense dissatisfaction over the finale.
The conflict ranged to the fraud case by Cameroon, While Uganda said it was a “coup d’état” against the COP15, 2022. However, according to the UN lawyer, the objections drawn by the negotiators were not formal. Thus, those have been declined automatically.
Deals Of the Final Agreement
The agreement includes the target of safeguarding one-third of the planet for nature and restoring one-third of the Earth’s degraded ecosystems, both inland and marine, by the end of the decade.
The deal follows a scientific warning of humans being the cause of the planet’s sixth mass degradation, which is regarded as the largest loss of life since the extinction of dinosaurs.
According to Steven Guilbeault, Canada’s former environment minister, this Kunming-Montreal pact is a daring step onwards to rescue nature. He also added that even six months ago, the confirmation of the conference was uncertain. To adopt the historic decision was even more unsure. But today, this happens because of the cooperation of all the countries participating here.
Though the Government has not met the target set on nature in previous decades, this historic deal will push a major challenge for all governments to challenge themselves and cease the destruction of Earth.