“It is a statement of fact; we cannot be any more certain; it is unequivocal and indisputable that humans are warming the planet.” says a major UN scientific report
Just three months before the 26th U.N. Climate Change Conference (COP26), a key climate summit, is held in Glasgow.
The U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres delivers a report echoing the findings of U.N.’s IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), a group of scientists, which intimates that it is a ‘code red for humanity’.
Deriving reports from more than 14,000 scientific studies, in a strongly worded assessment, IPCC’s document says, “it is unequivocal that human influence has warmed the atmosphere, oceans and land”.
It also gives the most extensive and detailed description of how climate change is changing the natural world and what is in store for it in future.
While giving out this catastrophic report, it urges world leaders to act fast as there is still some hope left that can circumvent this situation by promptly cutting off emissions of greenhouse gasses. However, some are irreversible for centuries or millennia to come.
The Report Gives A Warning Alert
Professor Ed Hawkins, from the University of Reading, U.K., and one of the report’s authors said, “The consequences will continue to get worse for every bit of
warming, and for many of these consequences, there’s no going back.”
The key points reported by IPCC included that the global surface temperature has increased 1.09C more between 2011-2020 than from 1850-1900 and that, on record, the last five years have experienced the hottest climate since 1850.
The rate of rising sea level is nearly triple in comparison to 1901-1971. They added that human activity contributes to almost 90% of the global retreat of glaciers and reduction in
Arctic sea-ice since 1900. Their reports also indicate that since the 1950’s hot extremes like heatwaves have turned out to be recurring much more frequently and intensely than cold events that are not to be experienced as often or intensely as they used to be.
Not only that, but their report also suggests that these extremes won’t only keep persisting but will become more severe.
The U.N. chief warns that these extreme droughts, heatwaves, and flooding are increasing and the limit set to the critical temperature to be broken in not more than a decade.
Reports say, “global surface temperatures have increased, since 1970, in these 50 years than in any other for over the past 2000 years.
With said reports in hand, the U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres said that If everyone combines forces now, there is still a chance to prevent climate catastrophe.
He also emphasised that there is no time for waste and no place for excuses given the recent findings. He requested government leaders and all stakeholders to ensure their attendance for COP26 to be a success.
Boris Johnson, the British Prime Minister, said he is hopeful of this report being a ‘wake-up call for the world to take action. In a tweet, U.S. President Joe Biden wrote on Monday, “We can’t wait to tackle the climate crisis.
The signs are unmistakable. The science is undeniable. And the cost of inaction keeps mounting.” As of now, the U.K. has vowed maximum attendance at COP26 that is taking place in Glasgow, UK, from 1-12 November 2021.