Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and It’s Treatment (OCD) is a mental illness that causes repeated unwanted thoughts or sensations (Obsessions) or the urge to do something over and over again (compulsions).Some people can have both obsessions and compulsions.
OCD isn’t about habits like biting your nails or thinking negative thoughts. An obsessive thought might be that certain number’s or colors are “good” or “bad”.A compulsive habit might be to wash your hands seven times aftertouching something that could be dirty. Although you may not want to think or do these things, you feel powerless to stop.
OCD Types and Symptons
. Checking, such as locks, alarm systems, ovens, or light switches, or thinking you have a medical condition like pregnancy or schizophrenia.
. Contamination, a fear of things that might be dirty or a compulsion to clean.Mental contamination involves feeling like you have been treated like dirt.
. Symmetry and ordering, the need to have things lined up in a certain way.
. Ruminations and intrusive thoughts, an obsession with a line of thought. Some of these thoughts might be violent or disturbing.
OCD Causes and Risk Factors:
Doctors aren’t sure why some people have OCD. Stress can make symptoms worse.
It’s a bit more common in women than in men.Symptoms often appear in teens or young adults.
OCD risk factors include:
. A parent, sibling, or child with OCD
. Physical differences in certain parts of your brain
. Depression, anxiety, or tics
. Experience with trauma
. A history of physical or sexual abuse as a child
Your doctor may do a physical exam and blood tests to make sure something else isn’t causing your symptoms. They will also talk with you about your feelings, thoughts, and habits.
There is no cure for OCD.But one can manage through medicine, therapy, or a combination of treatments.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and It’s Treatment:
. Psychotherapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy can help change your thinking patterns.In a form called exposure and response prevention, your doctor will put you in a situation designed to create anxiety or set off compulsions.You will first lessen then stop your OCD thoughts or actions.
. Relaxation. Some things like meditation, yoga and massage can help with stressful OCD symptoms.
.Medication.Psychiatric drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors help many people control obsessions and compulsions.They might take 2 to 4 months to start working.
edited by:- yasha malik