India falls behind its neighbours in UNDP’s Human Development Index of 2021 census


India ranked 132nd in UNDP’s Human Development Index, falling behind even its neighbours of Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Bhutan. The census is made on survey based on 191 countries from across the globe. 

India dropped one level down as compared to previous year in UNDP’s (United Nation Development Programme) Human Development Index Report.

India ranked 132nd in the census of 2021 among the 191 countries that were surveyed across the globe. In 2020, India ranked on the 131st spot.

The report, published on Thursday of 8th September, 2022, by the UN saw a concerning decline in all the countries. The pandemic of Covid-19 is taken as one of the reasons for the decline as stated by the officials. 

The survey was done on the basis of the ability of the citizens of one’s country to lead a long and healthy life. It also took in account the factors of education and knowledge the country is able to provide along with health care facilities and decent standard of living.

 The report noted that the pandemic of Covid-19 has pulled back the Human Development rate upto 5 years back.

A tweet by UNDP’S India handle gave out the report for the public to read and wrote,”We are living in uncertain times. This is an opportunity to chart a new & better path.”

Take a look at the tweet here posted by UNDP India’s twitter handle about the report:-

“Between 1990 and 2021, India’s life expectancy at birth changed by 8.6 years, mean years of schooling changed by 3.9 years and expected years of schooling changed by 3.9 years,” the report noted. 

Other Countries’ Position in UNDP Report

India, in spite of ranking 132 out of 191, continues to remain in the “medium human development” category of countries. The category contains 43 other countries including nations of Asia, Africa and South America. 

Among India’s neighbours, Sri Lanka ranked 73rd, China ranked 79th, Bangladesh on 129th and Bhutan scored 127th rank for themselves above India. Some countries of the Indian subcontinent still remained below India with Pakistan on 161, Nepal on 143 and Myanmar on 149.

The top three countries in the Index remained Switzerland, followed by Norway and Iceland. While the bottom three of the list were countries of South Sudan, Chad and Niger. 


Samridhi Raj
Samridhi Raj
English Major. Fascinated about books and writing.


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