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In a speech delivered on Tuesday at the SCO’s virtual summit, Chinese President Xi Jinping urged members of the organisation to thwart outside attempts to incite uprisings.
Xi emphasised that it is essential to specifically counter any effort for interference from the outside and inspire a colour revolution under any pretext.
Press reporting stated about China:
The Chinese leader criticised the practice of implementing sanctions without UN approval during his remarks at the conference and urged SCO members to enhance their trading in national currencies.
Narendra Modi, the prime minister of India, presided over the 23rd SCO meeting. The leaders of Russia, China, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Iran, and Belarus are among the participants in the summit.
China, Russia, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan are all members of the SCO, an organisation that unites them all in Eurasian politics, trade, and security. It is currently the most populous and geographically extensive regional bloc on the entire planet. The Shanghai Five, which later became the SCO, originally consisted of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan. The name was changed after Uzbekistan’s accession in 2001, and India and Pakistan joined during the last round of enlargement in 2017. Iran was formally admitted to the SCO during the current session, increasing its membership. Kazakhstan will take over the SCO’s rotational presidency in September.
Xi has opposed purported “colour revolutions” in several speeches. He said Beijing was “categorically opposed” to attempts to “undermine the peaceful life of people” while pretending to uphold human rights late last year.
Although it has been applied to nations outside the region, the phrase “colour revolution” has primarily been used to describe protests in post-Soviet states to topple regimes that are in opposition to the interests of the US and its allies. The majority of the uprisings have received significant assistance from NGOs funded by the United States and American intelligence services.
Two of the most well-known examples are the Rose Revolution in Georgia in 2003 and the Orange Revolution in Ukraine a year later.
In a world that is “full of chaos” and “changing at a rate unseen in a century,” Xi Jinping emphasised the value of unity and “win-win” collaboration.
Antonio Guterres, the UN Secretary-General, who had been asked by New Delhi to speak at the summit, found Xi’s worries to be valid. He noted that the divisions are growing and geopolitical tensions are rising at a moment in which the world needs to work together.
Putin claims that Russia is resisting hostile pressure.
President Vladimir Putin declared on Tuesday at the SCO summit that Russia is being targeted by Western countries who have raised a hostile neighbour at its doorstep before slapping Moscow with unheard-of economic penalties.
The Russian leader said that the Foreign forces have been implementing a scheme along our border for a very long time that has effectively converted our neighbour Ukraine into a hostile, anti-Russian state. They supplied it with ammunition for eight years, presided over the murder of innocent people in Donbas, and promoted neo-Nazi ideology.
He further continued that the same players have combined an unprecedented amount of unlawful, unilateral economic measures against Russia. This “hybrid warfare” seeks to damage the nation economically while also endangering its security.
According to Putin, the SCO is addressing several global issues, such as the deterioration of the international security system, the growing threat of a new financial and economic crisis during the uncontrolled buildup of debt by developed nations, social breaking and growth of poverty, and the deterioration of food and environmental security.
He praised the bloc’s rising stature in the international community and influence in world affairs. This is demonstrated, in Putin’s view, by the fact that other countries seek to establish cordial ties with the SCO by submitting membership applications. Later in the day, Iran will join the group as its ninth full member.